Development as a Conservation Tool: Evaluating Ecological, Economic, Attitudinal, and Behavioural Outcomes (systematic review)

What is the aim of the review?
To systematically collate and synthesise published and unpublished evidence in order to identify the characteristics of conservation projects that lead to successful ecological, economic, behavioral, and attitudinal outcomes and to determine the quality and quantity of monitoring efforts in the field. To achieve this, five questions were addressed:

  • To what extent do studies evaluate multiple measures of success?
  • Do greater levels of utilization of natural resources and lower levels of protectionism lead to success in all outcome measures?
  • Do conservation projects that facilitate increased market integration result in success for all outcome measures?
  • Does greater local input in conservation decisions and greater community control over programs lead to success in all outcome measures?
  • Are more culturally homogeneous communities associated with more successful projects with respect to all outcome measures?

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